Syllabus OutlineFor the purposes of this course, students will be studying one Prescribed Subject (out of a choice of five), as well as two World History Topics (out of a choice of twelve).These areas of study will be assessed in Papers 1 and 2 in May. The region that will be tested in Paper 3 is the Americas. In addition, students are required to undertake one historical investigation (internally assessed by the teacher and externally moderated by IB).The selections for this course are as follows:Prescribed SubjectsThe Move to Global War (Prescribed Subject 3)World History TopicsTopic 11: Causes and Effects of 20th Century WarsTopic 12: The Cold War: Superpower Tensions and Rivalries (20th Century)Historical InvestigationInternal Assessment (Detailed in the following pages)Syllabus Details The following is a more detailed account of material to be studied under each of the Prescribed Subjects and Topics listed above in the Syllabus Outline.Prescribed Subject 3: The Move to Global WarThis prescribed subject focuses on military expansion from 1931 to 1941. Two case studies are prescribed, from different regions of the world, and both of these case studies must be studied. The first case study explores Japanese expansionism from 1931 to 1941, and the second case study explores German and Italian expansionism from 1933 to 1940. The focus of this prescribed subject is on the causes of expansion, key events, and international responses to that expansion. Discussion of domestic and ideological issues should therefore be considered in terms of the extent to which they contributed to this expansion, for example, economic issues, such as the long-term impact of the Great Depression, should be assessed in terms of their role in shaping more aggressive foreign policy.Case Studies Material for Detailed StudyCase study 1: Japanese expansion in East Asia (1931–1941)Causes of ExpansionThe impact of Japanese nationalism and militarism on foreign policyJapanese domestic issues: political and economic issues, and their impact on foreign relationsPolitical instability in ChinaEventsJapanese invasion of Manchuria and northern China (1931)Sino-Japanese War (1937–1941)The Three Power/Tripartite Pact; the outbreak of war; Pearl Harbor (1941) ResponsesLeague of Nations and the Lytton reportPolitical developments within China/the Second United FrontInternational response, including US initiatives and increasing tensions between the US and JapanCase study 2: German and Italian Expansion (1933–1940)Causes of ExpansionImpact of fascism and Nazism on the foreign policies of Italy and GermanyImpact of domestic economic issues on the foreign policies of Italy and GermanyChanging diplomatic alignments in Europe; the end of collective security; appeasementEventsGerman challenges to the post-war settlements (1933–1938)Italian expansion: Abyssinia (1935–1936); Albania; entry into the Second World WarGerman expansion (1938–1939); Pact of Steel, Nazi–Soviet Pact and the outbreak of warResponsesInternational response to German aggression (1933–1938)International response to Italian aggression (1935–1936)International response to German and Italian aggression (1940)World History Topic 11: Causes and Effects of 20th Century WarsThis topic focuses on the causes, practice and effects of war in the 20th century. The topic explores the causes of wars, as well as the way in which warfare was conducted, including types of war, the use of technology, and the impact these factors had upon the outcome. Examination questions for this topic will require students to make reference to specific 20th-century wars in their responses, and some examination questions will require discussion of wars from more than one region of the world. Please note that the suggested examples for this topic include “cross-regional” wars such as the First and Second World Wars. In examination questions that ask students to discuss examples of wars from different regions, students may use these wars in a regional context (for example, the Second World War in the Pacific) but may not then use the same war in a different region (for example, the Second World War in Europe) in the same response.Topic Prescribed ContentCauses of WarEconomic, ideological, political, territorial and other causesShort- and long-term causesPractices of War and Their Impact on the OutcomeTypes of war: civil wars; wars between states; guerrilla warsTechnological developments; theatres of war—air, land and seaThe extent of the mobilization of human and economic resourcesThe influence and/or involvement of foreign powersEffects of WarThe successes and failures of peacemakingTerritorial changes Political repercussionsEconomic, social and demographic impact; changes in the role and status of womenWorld History Topic 12: The Cold War: Superpower Tensions and Rivalries (20th century)The Cold War dominated global affairs from the end of the Second World War to the early 1990s. This topic focuses on how superpower rivalries did not remain static but changed according to styles of leadership, strength of ideological beliefs, economic factors and crises involving client states. The topic aims to promote an international perspective on the Cold War by requiring the study of Cold War leaders, countries and crises from more than one region of the world.Topic Prescribed ContentRivalry, Mistrust and AccordThe breakdown of the grand alliance and the emergence of superpower rivalry in Europe and Asia (1943–1949): role of ideology; fear and aggression; economic interests; a comparison of the roles of the US and the USSRThe US, USSR and China—superpower relations (1947–1979): containment; peaceful co-existence; Sino-Soviet and Sino-US relations; détenteConfrontation and reconciliation; reasons for the end of the Cold War (1980– 1991): ideological challenges and dissent; economic problems; arms raceLeaders and NationsThe impact of two leaders, each chosen from a different region, on the course and development of the Cold WarThe impact of Cold War tensions on two countries (excluding the USSR and the US)Cold War CrisesCold War crises case studies: detailed study of any two Cold War crises from different regions: examination and comparison of the causes, impact and significance of the two crises.Selected ReadingsA variety of selected readings will be provided for the students. Examples of these include:1. Friedman, Norman. The Fifty-Year War: Conflict and Strategy in the Cold War.2. Gaddis, John Lewis, ed. We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History.3. Hilsman, Roger. The Cuban Missile Crisis: The Struggle Over Policy.4. Judge, Edward and John Langdon. The Cold War: A History Through Documents.5. Keegan, John. The Second World War.6. Keylor, William. The Twentieth Century World and Beyond.7. Kort, Michael. The Soviet Colossus: History and Aftermath.8. Laqueur and Rubin, ed. The Israel-Arab Reader.9. MacMillan, Margaret. Paris 1919:Six Months That Changed The World.10. Macqueen, Norrie. The United Nations Since 1945: Peacekeeping and the Cold War.11. Snyder, Louis. Historic Documents of World War I.12. Tucker, Robert C. Stalin in Power: The Revolution from Above, 1928-1941.